Riccardo Annibali
M.D. - F.A.S.C.R.S

Specialized in General Surgery, with a particular interest for Colo-proctology and Gastroenterology (both medical and surgical) and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy


Gastroenterology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of patients with disorders of the digestive tract, liver, biliary tract, and pancreas. 

Gastroenterology is for patients of all ages, from adolescence until late old age. As a specialty. it is mainly performed on an outpatient basis, and only a small percentage of patients require hospitalisation, for example in cases of inflammatory bowel disease, cirrhosis of the liver and bleeding ulcers. These require careful medical and surgical assessments to verify the need and the most appropriate timing for eventual surgery.


Gastroenterology is divided into the two main branches of medical and surgical gastroenterology, with a close inter-relationship existing between both.

Medical Gastroenterology deals mostly with diagnosis and treatment of patients with drugs and/or minimally invasive procedures (for example, endoscopy).

Gastroenteric surgery (or surgery of the Digestive System) is divided into three sub-specialties: Upper Gastrointestinal, Lower Gastrointestinal (largely coinciding with Colorectal Surgery or Coloproctology) and Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.

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