Proctology includes the study and treatment of diseases of the rectum, ducts and the anal margin. It deals with several diseases of varying clinical severity, from haemorrhoids and fissures to severe forms of cancer.
Proctology should no longer be viewed as a secondary branch of gastroenterological surgery. The progress made in the field of surgical technique, anesthesia (whether local or general) and organizational health, stimulated by the continuous quest for less debilitating and less expensive surgery, today it allows the outpatient performance of almost all proctological interventions.
Pre-surgery checks can be performed on the morning of the intervention, followed by the surgery, releasing the patient to return home on the same afternoon or, at the latest, the next morning.
The interventions are performed generally under local anesthesia, using special devices that enable you to minimize the inconvenience caused to the patient by injection and aim to prolong the pain-killing effect for a few hours in the immediate postoperative period. Moreover, the same anatomical location of the rectum, a tract of the alimentary canal open to the outside and located outside the peritoneal cavity, lends itself well to minimally invasive surgery. See related article